Testosterone Replacement Therapy in Singapore
Testosterone is a hormone produced by the testicles and is responsible for the proper development of male sexual characteristics. Testosterone is also important for maintaining muscle bulk, adequate levels of red blood cells, memory, bone growth, sense of well-being and sexual function.
Inadequate production of testosterone is not a common cause of erectile dysfunction; however, when ED does occur due to decreased testosterone production, testosterone replacement therapy singapore may improve the problem.
What causes testosterone deficiency?
As a man ages, the amount of testosterone in his body gradually declines. This natural decline starts after age 30 and continues throughout life. Other causes of lowered testosterone levels include:
- Injury, infection, or loss of the testicles.
- Chemotherapy or radiation treatment for cancer.
- Genetic abnormalities such as Klinefelter’s Syndrome (extra X chromosome).
- Hemochromatosis (too much iron in the body).
- Dysfunction of the pituitary gland (a gland in the brain that produces many important hormones).
- Inflammatory diseases such as sarcoidosis (a condition that causes inflammation of the lungs).
- Medications, especially hormones used to treat prostate cancer and corticosteroid drugs.
- Chronic illness.
- Chronic kidney failure.
- Liver cirrhosis.
- Chronic pain and use of narcotics for pain contol.
- HIV and AIDS
What are the symptoms of testosterone deficiency?
What changes occur in the body due to testosterone deficiency?
- Decrease in muscle mass, with an increase in body fat and weight gain
- Changes in cholesterol levels.
- Decrease in hemoglobin and possibly mild anemia.
- Fragile bones (osteoporosis).
- Decrease in body hair.
- Changes in cholesterol levels and lipid levels.
How do I find out if I have a testosterone deficiency?
The only accurate way to detect the condition is to have your doctor measure the amount of testosterone in your blood. Because testosterone levels fluctuate throughout the day, several measurements will need to be taken to detect a deficiency. Doctors prefer, if possible, to test levels early in the morning since this is when testosterone levels are at their highest.
Testosterone replacement therapy
How is testosterone deficiency treated?
Testosterone deficiency can be treated by:
- Intramuscular injections, generally every two or three weeks
- Testosterone patch worn either on the body or on the scrotum (the sac that contains the testicles)
- Testosterone gel
- Mucoadhesive material applied above the teeth twice a day
- Injectible pellets
Each of these options provides adequate levels of hormone replacement; however, they all have different advantages and disadvantages. Talk to your doctor to see which approach may be right for you.