What Travel Vaccinations Do You Need In Singapore?
More and more people are travelling to different parts of the world every year. These travellers often face health problems they would not ordinarily experience back at home. So to reduce the risk of being seriously ill when going abroad, it is vital to have a travel vaccination in Singapore. Find out in advance if any specific vaccine may be recommended for travel to the location you will be heading. It is also a perfect time to review your immunisation history.
Travelling to certain destinations, like developing countries and rural areas, may pose higher health risks. The risks depend on several things such as activities while travelling, vaccination history, current health status, and actual destination.
Types Of Vaccines
Routine vaccinations are the standard immunisations for children and adult but are usually given during childhood. International travellers must ensure that these vaccines are up-to-date so that no boosters may be required before embarking on a journey. These vaccines can fight against:
- Hepatitis A
- Hepatitis B
- Haemophilus influenza type b
- Human papillomavirus
Meanwhile, recommended vaccinations are given to help protect travellers in regions where there exists an intermediate or high risk for contracting certain maladies. This type of travel vaccination in Singapore can likewise prevent the spread of any illnesses from one country to another. Some examples of these vaccines that might be recommended for overseas travellers include:
- Typhoid Fever. It is an acute disease associated with fever caused by the Salmonella typhi bacteria. This illness may be contracted in various areas across the world through contaminated food or drinking water, or by consuming beverages or food handled by an infected individual.
- Rabies. Rabies is an infectious viral illness that can be transmitted through the bite of an infected animal. The virus is endemic in dogs in several countries, including but not limited to, Brazil, China, Indonesia, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, parts of Thailand, and Vietnam. The most common symptoms include headaches, fever, and weakness. It is almost always fatal if neurological signs have developed. Thus, it is critical to get a travel vaccination in Singapore against rabies.
- Cholera. Cholera is a disease caused by a germ known as Vibrio cholera. It can be mild and might not lead to any sign in some people. In many cases, however, the disease causes severe diarrhoea and vomiting. When this happened, it can result in dehydration and can become fatal.
- Meningitis is an illness caused by a germ called meningococcus. This germ can also cause other infections like an eye infection, pneumonia, inflammation of the heart, and joint infection. Some of these infections are severe and may lead to death if not treated right away. Travellers must be immunised against different strains of the meningococcus at least two weeks before travelling.
- Hepatitis B. Hepatitis B is a disease caused by the hepatitis B virus. It usually affects the liver. If infected, the virus will be present in body fluids like saliva, blood, vaginal fluid, and semen. This infection is common in East Asia and sub-Saharan Africa.
- Yellow fever. Yellow fever is a very serious malady. It is caused by the yellow fever virus carried by mosquitoes and then transmitted to humans or other primates. Some symptoms of this illness include fever, vomiting, bleeding, and yellowing of the skin and the whites of the eyes. For some people, it can cause a flu-like disease from which they heal completely. This type of travel vaccination in Singapore is highly important when travelling to certain parts of South America and Africa.